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Notable Latinx, Hispanic and Chicano/a Playwrights in American Theatre

In a 2015 interview with PBS NewsHour, playwright/composer Lin-Manuel Miranda describes how the story of In the Heights was borne out of his desire to have a career in musical theatre. The problem, though, was a startling lack of roles that are written for Latinx performers.

“There’s only about three great roles for Latino men in musical theatre,” he says. “You’re Bernardo [in West Side Story], you’re Paul in A Chorus Line or, if you can really sing, you’re Man of La Mancha. … So, I wrote something that had so many parts for Latinos because I knew there was a void there. I knew it because I was going into that world and I was scared.”

The cast of the Playhouse's production of In the Heights. Photo by Mikki Schaffner.

In the Heights features a vibrant community of characters of Latin descent who call Washington Heights home. The show’s legacy — along with Miranda’s follow-up smash hit, Hamilton, which features actors of color in nearly all its lead roles — reflects the changing landscape of American theatre.

Here’s a list of notable Latinx, Hispanic and Chicano/a playwrights who have influenced American theatre and published stories that reflect their heritage and identity.

In The Heights Dramaturgical Board

The list below is a continuation of the above lobby engagement that’s currently on display outside the Marx Theatre for In the Heights. Click on the image above for a better view of the display. That list includes information about Lin-Manuel Miranda, Quiara Alegría Hudes, María Irene Fornés, Nilo Cruz, Luis Alfaro, Octavio Solis and Karen Zacarías. 


Playwright, television writer/showrunner

“The dominant culture gets to have complicated narratives in the media… But we’re either cartel or we’re squeaky-clean girls. The big, radical thing that I’m trying to do is to portray Latinas as complex human beings.”

Selected Theatrical Credits
• The Tenth Muse
• Our Lady of the Underpass
• Mala Hierba
• Enfrascada (A Jarring Comedy of Hoodoo Proportions)
• El Nogalar

• Ofner Prize
• Named “Best New Playwright of 2010” by Chicago Magazine
• One of 9 “Luminarios” by Café Magazine
• NEA Distinguished New Play Development Grant
• 3Arts Artists Award

Saracho is the creator/showrunner of the Starz series Vida, which premiered in 2018.


Playwright and performer

“I'm always talking to only one person: That's me. That's the only person I can write for. I'm talking to me, and my experiences, to me about my politics. … What I would like to see, what I would like to feel. What I like to experience. And hopefully, you know, that's specific enough that it becomes universal.”

Selected Theatrical Credits
• Mambo Mouth
• Spic-O-Rama: A Dysfunctional Comedy
• Freak
• Sexaholix… A Love Story
• Ghetto Klown
• Latin History for Morons
• Kiss My Aztec!

• Special Tony Award for his solo performance in Latin History for Morons
• Two Drama Desk Awards
• Three Outer Critics Circle Awards


Playwright, screenwriter

“Respect your history, listen to your ancestors, tell the truth and write your own story — or someone else will write it and get it all wrong.”

Selected Theatrical Credits
• Salt
• Fur
• Miriam’s Flowers
• Dreams of Home
• Latins in La-La Land
• Lolita de Lares
• Another Part of the House
• Lucy Loves Me

• Helen Merrill Distinguished Playwright Award
• Kennedy Center’s Fund for New American Plays award
• Two Susan Smith Blackburn Prizes (The Have-little and SALT, both were runners-up)


Playwright, screenwriter

“Tell the stories you want to tell. Not the stories you think others expect you to tell. The ones you really, really want to tell. … The U.S. theatre community (and U.S. society in general) has such a narrow understanding of what it means to be Latin@. By being true to yourself you can help them understand the full, wonderful diversity and complexity of our community.”

Selected Theatrical Credits
Seven Spots on the Sun (2013 world premiere at the Playhouse)
White Tie Ball
• The Solid Sand Below
• On the Exhale
• Let Me Count the Ways
• The Making of a Modern Folk Hero

• Terrence McNally New Play Award
• National Latino Playwright Award (Runner-up)
• Steinberg/ATCA New Play Award Citation
• Humanitas Prize New Voices Award
• NNPN Smith Prize

Zimmerman has also written for the popular television series Ozark and Narcos on Netflix, and Blood & Oil on ABC.



“I love characters who find themselves in moral conflicts. I love gray. I like the hard questions. I’m a fan of politics that have been humanized and dramatized. I think there’s a way to write a strong political play without landing in agit prop land. I delight in the balancing act of that. I want to have as much empathy for my antagonists as my protagonists. I love the quandary of being challenged to love someone I hate.”

Selected Theatrical Works
• Title IX
• Modern Slave
• A Work of Art
• Graveyard of Empires
• Mother of Exiles
• Secret Things
• Barrio Hollywood
• Ponzi

• American Blues Theater’s Blue Ink Playwriting Award
• Tennessee Williams One-Act Play Award
• Chicano/Latino Literary Award
• Edgerton New American Play Award

To learn more about the Playhouse's production of In the Heights, visit our production detail page